Home > WmWare > VMWare: file vmdk e vmx

VMWare: file vmdk e vmx

Questi file vengono usati per le virtualizzazioni di SO, con VMWare.

come file vmdk di partenza, usare questo:


o crearne uno nuovo.

come file VMX usare questo:

da ISO su CD

da ISO su HD

in sostanza, i file VMX, che lanceranno il SO virtuale, installato sull’HD virtuale *.vmdk, è così composto:

config.version = “8”
virtualHW.version = “4”

# Selected operating system for your virtual machine

guestOS = “winXPPro”

# displayName is your own name for the virtual machine

displayName = “Test OS”

# Number of virtual CPUs. Your virtual machine will not
# work if this number is higher than the number of your physical CPUs

numvcpus = “1”

# Memory size and other memory settings

memsize = “384”
MemAllowAutoScaleDown = “FALSE”
MemTrimRate = “-1”

# Unique ID for the virtual machine will be created

uuid.action = “create”

# Remind to install VMware Tools
# This setting has no effect in VMware Player

tools.remindInstall = “TRUE”

# Startup hints interfers with automatic startup of a virtual machine
# This setting has no effect in VMware Player

hints.hideAll = “TRUE”

# Enable time synchronization between computer
# and virtual machine

tools.syncTime = “TRUE”

# USB settings
# This config activates USB

usb.present = “TRUE”
usb.generic.autoconnect = “FALSE”

# First serial port, physical COM1 is available

serial0.present = “TRUE”
serial0.fileName = “Auto Detect”
serial0.autodetect = “TRUE”
serial0.hardwareFlowControl = “TRUE”

# Optional second serial port, physical COM2 is not available

serial1.present = “FALSE”

# First parallell port, physical LPT1 is available

parallel0.present = “TRUE”
parallel0.fileName = “Auto Detect”
parallel0.autodetect = “TRUE”
parallel0.bidirectional = “TRUE”

# Sound settings

sound.present = “TRUE”
sound.virtualdev = “es1371”

# Logging
# This config activates logging, and keeps last log

logging = “TRUE”
log.fileName = “My_Virtual_Machine.log”
log.append = “TRUE”
log.keepOld = “3”

# These settings decides interaction between your
# computer and the virtual machine

isolation.tools.hgfs.disable = “FALSE”
isolation.tools.dnd.disable = “FALSE”
isolation.tools.copy.enable = “TRUE”
isolation.tools.paste.enabled = “TRUE”

# First network interface card

ethernet0.present = “TRUE”
ethernet0.virtualDev = “vlance”
ethernet0.connectionType = “nat”
ethernet0.addressType = “generated”
ethernet0.generatedAddressOffset = “0”

# Settings for physical floppy drive

floppy0.present = “FALSE”

# Settings for physical CDROM drive

ide1:0.present = “TRUE”
ide1:0.deviceType = “cdrom-raw”
ide1:0.startConnected = “TRUE”
ide1:0.fileName = “auto detect”
ide1:0.autodetect = “TRUE”

# First IDE disk, size 4800Mb

ide0:0.present = “TRUE”
ide0:0.fileName = “guestOS.vmdk”
ide0:0.mode = “persistent”
ide0:0.startConnected = “TRUE”
ide0:0.writeThrough = “TRUE”

1. La voce MEMSIZE indica quanta memoria si vuole dedicare al Sistema Ospite.

Con 1GB di memoria, 384MB sono sufficienti.

2. ide0:0.fileName = “guestOS.vmdk

deve avere lo stesso nome del file vmdk che useremo com HD virtuale.

3. displayName = “Test OS”

indica il nome che VMWare mostrerà all’avvio del sistema ospite.

Per installare da una ISO presente su HD (nel caso non la si abbia già masterizzata su CD, si modificano solo le righe 4÷6:

al posto di:

ide1:0.present = “TRUE”
ide1:0.fileName = “auto detect”
ide1:0.deviceType = “cdrom-raw”

si useranno:

ide1:0.present = “TRUE”
ide1:0.fileName = “C:\percorso_OSiso\OSiso.iso”
ide1:0.deviceType = “cdrom-image”

ovviamente nella seconda riga, bisogna fare attenzione ad indicare l’esatto percorso, e l’esatto nome del file ISO, che vogliamo installare.

Una volta installato il SO, nel file VMX ripristinare le righe

ide1:0.present = “TRUE”
ide1:0.fileName = “auto detect”
ide1:0.deviceType = “cdrom-raw”

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  1. alessio
    febbraio 16, 2012 alle 7:12 am

    salve. dovrei modificare questo (benedetto) file .vmx ed aggiungere qualche stringa comando, ma io non sono riuscito a trovarlo. ho controllato il documenti -> my virtual machine ma non cè questo file. cè ne uno che aprendolo con wordpad mi dà una lunga serie che sembra facciano parte di quello che io sto cercando ma prima di ogni stringa cè un seriale una data ed un orario e dopo un comando. io dovrei aggiungere o modificare questi comandi:
    monitor_control.virtual_rdtsc = “false”
    monitor_control.disable_directexec = “true”
    isolation.tools.getPtrLocation.disable = “FALSE”
    isolation.tools.setPtrLocation.disable = “FALSE”
    isolation.tools.setVersion.disable = “FALSE”
    isolation.tools.getVersion.disable = “FALSE”
    monitor_control.restrict_backdoor = “true”
    isolation.tools.vmdebug.disable = “FALSE”
    li posso aggiungere alla fine di tutto il testo o devo fare qualcos’altro?
    per favore ditemi come devo fare, grazie.

  2. febbraio 16, 2012 alle 9:36 am

    il forum è sempre d’aiuto:

    qui un ottimo reference:

    esempio della prima voce che vuoi inserire:

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